Read a crochet pattern

How to read a crochet pattern

 Before diving into a pattern, check to see if it’s written in US or UK terminology. The same stitches are named differently based on the country. All the patterns in our crochet kits are written in US terminology. Here’s a list of all the abbreviations used in our crochet kits, plus their UK equivalent:

blo through back loops only bl through back loops only
ch chain ch chain
dc double crochet tr treble crochet
sc5tog bobble stitch, double
crochet 5 stitches
together (or any number
of stitches)
tr5tog bobble stitch, treble
crochet 5 stitches
together (or any number
of stitches)
dec decrease dec decrease
flo through front loops only fl through front loops
hdc half double crochet htr half treble crochet
inc increase inc increase
rnd round rnd round
sc single crochet dc double crochet
sc3tog single crochet 3 stitches

double crochet 3 stitches


sk st skip stitch - miss
sl st slip stitch ss slip stitch
sl st join slip stitch join ss join slip stitch join
st stitch st stitch



There are really only 2 things you need to know when reading a crochet pattern:

1. What country are the crochet terms from?

Different countries have different words for the same stitches. For example, the British English term double crochet (dc), is actually the same term as the American English term single crochet (sc). As you may imagine, this can get confusing fast. Most patterns begin by defining which country’s terminology they use, as well as any abbreviations used. Here are some common abbreviations used in amigurumi written with US terminology:

rnd: round

yo: yarn over

sc: single crochet

inc: increase

dec: decrease

ch: chain

2. How do you read crochet patterns?

Different crochet pattern designers use different formats to convey their instructions. This is also usually defined at the beginning of the pattern. You can expect that there will be repetition of stitches, which is probably the most confusing part to reading a pattern. Some patterns use brackets ((…), […]) or multiplier indicators (*, x), to convey which stitches you should repeat and for how many times.

Crochet patterns by The Freeasyfar are written in US terminology, and follow this format:

Round 3: [sc, inc] x 6(18)

This means that for round 3, repeat the sequence of [1 sc followed by 1 inc] a total of 6 times.

Which also could've been written as:

[sc, inc]    [sc, inc]    [sc, inc]    [sc, inc]    [sc, inc]    [sc, inc]

Or with a lot more words:

[single crochet stitch in the first stitch, then 2 single crochet stitches in the next stitch] for a total of 6 times

(Are you starting to dig abbreviations yet? )

Since 1 increase stitch = 2 single crochet stitches, 1 increase stitch counts as 2 stitches. 1 single crochet stitch counts as 1 stitch.

Therefore, that's [3 stitches] repeated 6 times, for a final count of 18 stitches.